The greatest collection of Egyptian antiquities is, without doubt,the Egyptian Museum
in Cairo. From the Old Kingdom we could mention the statue of Khafre, Menkaure, Rahotep
. In addition there are the finds from the tomb of Hetepheres
mother of Khufu
(including furniture, such as her canopy, bed, stool, sedan chair, as well as her sarcophagus) which are displayed in a special gallery on the ground floor. From the Middle Kingdom there are the statue of Mentuhotep
the models of army divisions of Mesehti, the models of Meketre, the statue of Senusret III and Amenemhet III, the jewelry of the princesses Khnumet, Sit-Hathor, Akhenaton
, Weret, Ita, Itaweret and Neferuptah
. From the New Kingdom we can mention the jewellry of Ahhotep
, the statue of Hatshepsut
, Thutmose III and Amenothep III
and the sculpture of Ramesses II
and his wife. The marvellous treasures of Tutankhamun are exhibited on the upper floor in the long eastern gallery and in the Hall 3.
Apart from the Tutankhamun exhibits upstairs, there are countless coffins
ushabti, household items, etc. Some of the Middle Kingdom tomb
models of armies, boats and landowners surveying their livestock shouldn't be missed. The human figures almost seem alive! Also upstairs is the Mummy Room
where you can come face to face with some of the great rulers of ancient Egypt. There are also a beautiful statue of Chephren
of the 4th Dynasty.
One of four complete schist triad sculptures of Menkaure
of the 4th Dynasty (three are in the Egyptian Museum, the other is in Boston). On his left is the goddess Hathor
, while on his right is a female figure who personifies Diospolis Parva, one of the provinces of ancient Egypt. There is also a sculpture
of Ramesses II as a child with the Canaanite god Hurun in the form of a falcon. The sculpture spells out Ramessu Ra
(the sun disk on his head), mes (the child), and sw (the plant in his hand).
In the museum there are many funerary masks
of Pharaones, wooden and pottery dummy vases
were painted in imitation of stone for funerary use. There are also the small ivory statue
of King Cheops
, builder of the largest pyramid at Giza
and part of a statuette of Queen Tiye in green steatite.
(Tiye was the wife of Amenhotep III and mother of Akhenaten.)
An ivory headrest from the tomb of Tutankhamun. Shu
, the god of the air,holds the curved head support. The two lions
represent the mountains on the eastern and western horizons between the Sun
rose and set.
The damaged crystalline limestone head of general Nakhtmin
would have formed part of a double statue with his wife's figure which is at right.
They sometimes covered part of it with linen wadding to provide more comfort.